Pen Point 36

Given adequate information, the market theory assumes that consumers know what is best for themselves; hence, they make choices that maximize their total satisfaction. If this assumption is wrong, markets may not efficiently produce. We call this satisfaction consumers gain from consuming a good or service as “utility”. The satisfaction (or utility) depends on the … Continue reading Pen Point 36

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Thoughts on the ecology of policy development

The term ‘ecology’ literally means environment. For policy studies, it pertains to the environment under which a public policy is taken. My understanding is anchored on the idea that the environment from which a policy is generated and the environment to where it is intended to be transmitted and implemented are the same. In other … Continue reading Thoughts on the ecology of policy development

POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 4)

POLICY EVALUATION Evidence is one factor that influence policy-making and this can be generated through research. Research is a scientific process designed to produce new knowledge to improve the understanding of the world or to explain a phenomenon. It has substantially contributed to this policy in many ways at various stages of the policy cycle. … Continue reading POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 4)

POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 3)

POLICY IMPLEMENTATION Principal-Agent Approach The policy uses the principal-agent approach of implementation where the government has mandated its various agencies to implement the law in various capacities. Other than the DOH, several government agencies are also given mandates for purposes of the implementation of this law. The Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) is mandated to … Continue reading POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 3)