Pen Point 36

Given adequate information, the market theory assumes that consumers know what is best for themselves; hence, they make choices that maximize their total satisfaction. If this assumption is wrong, markets may not efficiently produce. We call this satisfaction consumers gain from consuming a good or service as “utility”. The satisfaction (or utility) depends on the … Continue reading Pen Point 36

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A Day in the Life of a Neuroscience Nurse

There is no typical day for a nurse, especially a neurology nurse. No matter what a nurse does, or where he/she does it, there is always the unpredictability of how a day will start and end. It is an incredibly demanding field, but it can be a rewarding and fulfilling one.

POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 4)

POLICY EVALUATION Evidence is one factor that influence policy-making and this can be generated through research. Research is a scientific process designed to produce new knowledge to improve the understanding of the world or to explain a phenomenon. It has substantially contributed to this policy in many ways at various stages of the policy cycle. … Continue reading POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 4)

POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 3)

POLICY IMPLEMENTATION Principal-Agent Approach The policy uses the principal-agent approach of implementation where the government has mandated its various agencies to implement the law in various capacities. Other than the DOH, several government agencies are also given mandates for purposes of the implementation of this law. The Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) is mandated to … Continue reading POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 3)

POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 2)

POLICY FORMULATION To analyze the process of policy formulation, the policy triangle framework of Walt and Gilson, which includes the policy context, content, process and actors, is applied. Policy Context The policy process of tobacco control in the Philippines was influenced by both international and local contextual factors. Contextual factors that shaped tobacco control policies … Continue reading POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 2)

POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 1)

INTRODUCTION Tobacco use is one of the biggest public health threats in the world and the largest single cause of preventable deaths. Globally, it kills more than seven million a year with more than six million of those deaths attributable to direct tobacco use. Around 80% of smokers worldwide live in low- and middle-income countries … Continue reading POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: Graphic Health Warnings Law (Part 1)